By Kathleen Sibley
Many organizations have started dipping their toes into IP-based security systems, often ending up with hybrid digital and analogue setups.
By Kathleen Sibley
Mayfair Shopping Centre, perched on the outer edge of downtown
Victoria, however, has dived off the deep end, so to speak, with a
$400,000, 100-per-cent IP camera installation built on a $170,000
state-of-the-art network that has become a showpiece for its parent
company, Ivanhoe Cambridge Inc., and a springboard to a world of future
According to IndigoVision, the mall is the first in Canada to deploy an entirely IP camera security system.
The system comprises 26 PTZ and 67 Power-over-Ethernet fixed
IndigoVision cameras that provide surveillance for the public areas
inside the 120-store mall and the parking lots and surrounding areas
covering a total of about 550,000 sq.ft. It was designed and installed
by the Victoria-based IndigoVision partner Laser Star Systems Ltd. and
Hoffman & Company Security Management Consultants Inc.
An iSCSI server, custom-built by Victoria, B.C.-based server company Synetic Inc., provides 26TB of RAID 6
storage to maintain 30 days of continuously recorded video streams,
which use the vendor’s Windows Network Video Recorder software.
Compression technology, along with Activity Controlled Framerate,
reduces the storage requirement by streaming inactive scenes at a lower
frame rate and ramping up to the maximum frame rate when motion is
The CCTV-camera implementation obviously serves all the typical
security purposes you’d expect — easy access to recordings, of
incidents for example, such as slips and falls, vandalism, theft and
other criminal behaviour. But the network infrastructure design
provides equal, if not greater, value.
In fact, says Barry Greening, Mayfair’s operations manager, the system
is so robust and scalable that it could virtually run the entire City
of Victoria’s infrastructure.
“I’m using only one multimode strand of fibre, and that is nowhere near (exhausting) its capability,” he says.
That design — which accommodated the consolidation of IT projects,
security, building automation (HVAC), voice over IP and mall services
such as wireless Internet access, interactive directional signage,
portable kiosks and wireless gift card scanners — went a long way
towards achieving the necessary buy-in for the project.
In planning for about a year, the project took place from July to
September 2009. At the time, mall owners were looking at a camera
system of some sort and were considering an analogue, standalone camera
system because it would have cost less, Greening says. But several
other projects requiring connectivity were also slated for the same
time, and owners realized that, by integrating all those projects, both
wired and wireless, onto the same network, without having to pull
additional cable (and conduit) to different locations, an IP-based
system was the more cost-effective option.
“I had this perfect storm,” Greening says. “I had the need, I had the
budget and the people in place willing to work with each other ”¦ and my
contractors played a critical role in this.”
Roberto Winter, general manager at Laser Star Systems, explains that he
succeeded in winning the project by demonstrating the value of focusing
on the network to provide business value to the entire organization,
not just to security.
“I sat down with the management company, and I was able to clarify to
non-IT people that security isn’t that much of an issue when you know
how to manage a network,” he says. “I made sure there is enough
bandwidth for our portion and that it’s a completely separate area that
nobody else has access to. They were willing to listen and invest into
that, and now they’re seeing the returns on that investment.”
Prior to the installation, the mall relied on 24-7, manned security.
And while the number of security staff and hours haven’t decreased,
Greening hasn’t had to increase staff either.
“I can leverage the camera system more; it has allowed me to keep hours at current levels longer,” he explains.
Now, live and recorded video can be monitored and analyzed at a single,
four-monitor workstation that runs IndigoVision’s security management
That came in handy when someone — who has not yet been caught — stole a
PTZ camera shortly after the system was installed, although the camera
is useless without the custom recording software, notes Winter.
Local police have also used the system for their own investigations,
although, says Santo Polito, manager of property services at Ivanhoe
Cambridge, “we didn’t install it to turn it into a satellite police
station. The side- effect is that once police hear about it they will
be asking for more and more evidence. And they are welcome to come in
and take a look, but, naturally, they have to follow a protocol.”
Terry Hoffman, a security consultant engineer at Hoffman & Co. who
was contracted for the project by Paragon Security, notes that malls
pose unique requirements for surveillance systems.
“The mall system should be able to follow someone who comes in an
entrance and tell the story of how that person moves through the mall,”
In addition, malls typically have a multitude of ceiling profiles,
tenant facades that can’t be installed on and spaces that can’t be
“You have to go through certain permissions, and you face the risk that
if tenants do renovations, your system could be knocked down.”
While each of the 20 properties his firm has consulted on in the last
three years is unique, Mayfair’s is a model Hoffman expects will be
“There is no doubt this is a future model going forward,” he notes.
“Some of the properties we are doing now, we are making sure we have a
fibre backbone throughout the mall that is used just for security.”
In the future, Greening expects to port more of the building automation
system to the new network, as well as to implement RFID tracking. RFID
tracking wouldn’t be cheap, he admits, but it would provide the ability
to follow virtually anything, including equipment, people and
merchandise, around the mall.
“I’m interested in following people for liability purposes,
particularly my security and my cleaners, to show good due diligence,”
Greening says. “Or I could sell a service that provides loss prevention
to stores with their existing RFID chips.”
Another possibility is the development of a customer counting product,
which would provide the mall with useful customer metrics.
“The big opportunity is the future,” he says. “It’s now so cost-effective for me to bolt anything on that it’s mind-blowing.”
The challenge, says Polito, is that although the manufacturer will
often offer a feature such as customer counting, the feature would
still have to be tailored to the mall’s needs, which would require an
additional investment in software development.
“We need a weekly report, broken down by the half-hour or 15-minute
interval, which will tell us exactly how many people came at that
time,” he says. “A lot of features are there, but the manufacturers
haven’t developed the software to support them in particular contexts.”